A Critical Study of Sūrat at-Tawba (Repentance)

The Qur’ān is ample of verses that hint at or deal with some of the events which faced Muḥammad and the community (al-umma) at Medina; and it may be noticed that, of all its chapters, the one entitled as Sūrat at-tawba (Repentance) is particularly full of allusions to the events of the last years of Muḥammad’s life, when he was at the zenith of his power.
Saffarini Hussein, A Critical Study of Sūrat at-Tawba (Repentance), Studia Arabistyczne i Islamistyczne 8, 2000, pp. 75-88