Port gdyński w okresie restrukturyzacji

Abstract
The port of Gdynia is a little over 75 years old but it's still the youngest port in Poland and one of newer in Europe. It's universal port but it's also specialized in reloading the general cargo, especially containers and corn. The port services about 90% of containers reloading of all Polish sea ports and 50-55% of corn and fodder of Polish foreign trade. The turnover of the port exceeds 8 million tons per year and reloading strength is estimated for 12-15 million tons. The participation of railway transport in servicing the port in 1997 increased to 20,5%. In 1984 The Management Board of Port of Gdynia was transformed into Sea Commercial Port of Gdynia. In 1991 there was initialized restructuring process of Sea Commercial Port of Gdynia when existing since 1953 state company was transformed and registered as one-man company of the State Treasury named Sea Commercial Port of Gdynia Inc.. In 1996 this company was transformed into Port of Gdynia Holding Inc. consisting of many independent companies. The main idea of transformation was to separate the port operating from ground and infrastructure management i.e. separating independent companies which owned specialized terminals and are parts of holding structure under mother: Port of Gdynia Holding Inc. - the manager of the port. In 1994 there were established Baltic Corn Terminal and Baltic Container Terminal and in 1995: Sea Bulk Cargo, Baltic General Cargo Gdynia, Transport Plant „Trans-Port", Port Technic Plant and Port Supplying Plant. In 1996 there was established Navigation and Port Services Company „WUZ". The list of companies can be completed by Port Works Enterprise, Port Energetic and Water Machinery r Operating „SIEC" as well as„Depot - Terminal Gdynia". The port of Gdynia services about 50% of general cargo reloading of all Polish ports per year. In the structure of port turnover the general cargo including containered amounts about 40%. Baltic Container Terminal is the only one port terminal for containers reloading in various transport relations. To this terminal it belongs also Ferry-Base located inside its area. There's concentrated here about 25% of passenger ferry traffic and 10% of goods ferry traffic leading through Polish ports. The port development strategy is opened for trade and transport activity. Thank's that the port of Gdynia is and will be important Baltic transport centre.
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Citation
Palmowski T., 1998, Port gdyński w okresie restrukturyzacji, Prace Komisji Geografii Komunikacji PTG, t. IV, Komisja Geografii Komunikacji PTG, s. 127-141
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