"To inni" Neila Gaimana jako reinterpretacja idei wiecznego powrotu Friedricha Nietzschego

The aim of this interpretative essay is the comparative analysis of Neil Gaiman’s The Other People as the narrative variation on Friedrich Nietzsche’s idea of the eternal return expounded among the aphorism no 341 in The Gay Science. The similarities between both stories are irrefutably clear, however, the philosophical analysis of the Gaiman’s narrative shows some important differences. Whilst Nietzsche’s story about the demon appearing in the middle of the human loneliness to illuminate him with the truth of eternal return as a primary ontological rule, Gaiman sketches a portrait of internal solitude filled with a never ending fight between two aspects of any human being. Hence, a philosophical analysis of The Other People in terms of Nietzsche’s philosophy finally points at the concept of mirror stage by Jacques Lacan. Such a context discovers another level of the story which is a bitter polemic with Jean Paul Sartre’s „Hell is other people”. At the same time, connection of eternal return idea and mirror stage with Michel Foucault’s theory of space leads to a final conclusion that Gaiman’s story creates a special kind of place which exists and does not exist at the same time being a metaphoric area of psychical damnation of human being. For incarnation of philosophic metaphor is a seed for heterotopia.
Mateusz Zimnoch, "To inni" Neila Gaimana jako reinterpretacja idei wiecznego powrotu Friedricha Nietzschego, "Creatio Fantastica" nr 3/2014 (45).
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