Wokół problemu definiowania muzyki cygańskiej

Abstract
The article attempts at pointing out the selected aspects of discussions held in the relevant literature on the concept of Gypsy music. Although for centuries it has been admired and appreciated, its phenomenon has not been yet exhaustively defined. A wide range of repertoire and musical styles that have been exposed to various influences and practiced by different Gypsy groups determines that there is no shared idiom of Gypsy music. Like the ethnic identity of Gypsies, Gypsy music is not something unchangeable and homogeneous. It is a dynamic entity that is created and performed in ever-changing conditions and situations. That is why the designation of Gypsy music depends on the broader context in which it functions. The criteria for the recognition of music as Gypsy are much differentiated, as is the music itself. The origins of musical works, their features, language and content may be equally important as their aesthetics and market value.

O artìklo zumavel te ćhivel and-o dud avrikedine (alosarde) aspèkte e diskusienqëre, save śaj te arakhas and-o relevànto studienqëro materiàli pal-i noj „rromani muzìka”. Madikh so śeliberśençar, gaʒe moldine i rromani muzìka aj ćudandile pala laθe, laqëri fenomèna ʒi adadives nanaj ʒiagore definuime. I buxli panakùsma e repetuarěnqëri aj muzikalone stilěnqëri, save nakhle prdal ververa influènce, sikaven so naśti ulavas khajekh khetano ćhibipen e rromane muzikaqëro. Sar e Rromenqëri identitèta, i rromani muzìka nanaj jekh homogèno aj biparuvdǒver entitèta. Si jekh dinamìko identitèta, savi biandǒl aj baśavdǒl anda ververa kondìcie (somtruja) aj situàcie, save kòrkorre paruvdǒn. Odolesθar i designàcia „rromani muzìka” umblal katar-o buxleder kontèksto, anda savesθe joj sevel pesqëri fùnkcia. O kritèrie vaś-e rromane muzikaqëro pinʒaripen si bute-tojenqëre aj bute-rigenqëre, sar si akaja muzìka kòrkorro. I origìna e muzikalone kotorenqëri, lenqëro profìlo, lenqëri ćhib aj lenqëri tematìka śaj te oven vi jone but vasne, sär vi lenqëri estetìka aj ahor and-e muzikaqëri ekonomìa.
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Citation
Monika Janowiak-Janik, Wokół problemu definiowania muzyki cygańskiej, "Studia Romologica", 2012, nr 5, s. 13-25.
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