The twentieth century, especially its second half, was one of unprecedented rapid change in the Earth’s environment. Environmental problems have become global in their scope. Systemic and cumulative degradation has occurred on an unprecedented scale, causing geographically differentiated outcomes that threaten the whole Earth e. The idea that the global environment is at risk due to anthropogenic activity, and that something must be done quickly to abate this, is accepted by a grooving majority of people across the world. Environmentalist “worldviews” are now more or less mainstream in the academic literature. Environmental problems do not respect the artificial boundaries of nation states as is demonstrate by contemporary phenomena such a global warming and climate change. The emergence of the Green or ecology movement has resulted in attempts to refine or reformulate spatial organization of the world. Traditional conception of geopolitical order are statecentric but the green movements try to change our perception of spatial order argue that country does not form the basis for the organization of social and political life but bioregions. Bioregion is defined in terms of the unique overall pattern of natural characteristics that are found in a specific place. The main features are generally found throughout a continuous geographic terrain and include a particular climate, local aspects of seasons, landforms, watersheds, soils, and native plants and animals. People are also counted as an integral aspect of a place’s life, as can be seen in the ecologically adaptive cultures of early inhabitants, and in the activities of present day reinhabitants who attempt to harmonize in a sustainable way with the place where they live. In the green political thought bioregions should be the basic unit of organization of global space.
Potulski J., Bioregionalism, [w:] Journal of Geography, Politics and Society, no. 4, Gdańsk 2012, s. 5-15.
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