Selected Issues of Establishing and Functioning of the Transmission Easement

The institution of transmission easements, introduced from 3 August 2008 by an amending the Civil Code, is currently the most widely used legal form that allows entrepreneurs by transmission for the use of someone else’s property. The practical application of this institution faces a number of legal problems. The purpose of this paper is to bring certain aspects of a provider’s complexity solution for this issue. Transmission easement is established on the property, which, under the Civil Code, is a kind of thing immobility. The establishment of easements causes in practice limitation, to some extent, ownership of real estate. A large part of the property, however, is devoted to perpetual usufruct, which is kind of the law. It is therefore questionable whether the transmission easement can be charged as the right, not the thing. The paper reviews the case law, pointing to the possibility of establishing transmission easement on the property donated in perpetual usufruct, unless the contract makes the property the lease provides otherwise. Rarely mentioned, but very important issue is to establish a transmission easement for devices which do not go physically by the property to be charged and only affect the right of ownership. Case law indicates there is no basis to establish the transmission easement in this case. In practice, however foundation of transmission equipment on the neighboring property causing significant limitations in exercise of the right to property, for which, in the case of not establishing transmission easement, the owner does not receive due compensation.
Butryn K., Preweda E., Selected Issues of Establishing and Functioning of the Transmission Easement, GEOMATICS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, Kraków 2016