Bimetallic nanocatalysts supported on graphitic carbon nitride for sustainable energy development: the shape-structure–activity relation

The catalytic performance of metal nanoparticles (NPs), including activity, selectivity, and durability, depends on their shape and structure at the molecular level. Consequently, metal NPs of different size and shape, e.g., nanobelts, nanocubes, nanoflakes, and nanowires, demonstrate different reactivity and provide different reaction rates depending on the facet exposed. In this context, the present review aims to summarize the shape-structure–activity relation of metallic nanocatalysts. Moreover, keeping in mind that the application of noble metal catalysts is expensive, we would like to draw the reader's attention to bimetallic nanocatalysts supported on graphitic carbon nitride. One of the advantages of these systems is the possibility to minimize the use of noble metals by introducing another metal either to the parent NPs and/or modifying the support materials. The development and optimization of bimetallic nanocatalysts might provide the new class of materials with superior, tunable performance, thermal stability and reduced costs compared to presently available commercial catalysts. Therefore, further application of these bimetallic composites for sustainable development in energy, green chemicals/fuels and environmental protection will be discussed.
Nanoscale Adv., 2021,3, 1342-1351