Enzymatic Synthesis of a Novel Coumarin Aminophosphonates: Antibacterial Effects and Oxidative Stress Modulation on Selected E. coli Strains

Abstract
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the synergistic effect of two important pharmacophores, coumarin and -amino dimethyl phosphonate moieties, on antimicrobial activity toward selected LPS-varied E. coli strains. Studied antimicrobial agents were prepared via a Kabachnik–Fields reaction promoted by lipases. The products were provided with an excellent yield (up to 92%) under mild, solvent- and metal-free conditions. A preliminary exploration of coumarin -amino dimethyl phosphonate analogs as novel antimicrobial agents was carried out to determine the basic features of the structure responsible for the observed biological activity. The structure–activity relationship revealed that an inhibitory activity of the synthesized compounds is strongly related to the type of the substituents located in the phenyl ring. The collected data demonstrated that coumarin-based -aminophosphonates can be potential antimicrobial drug candidates, which is particularly crucial due to the constantly increasing resistance of bacteria to commonly used antibiotics.
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Citation: Koszelewski, D.; Kowalczyk, P.; Brodzka, A.; Hrunyk, A.; Kramkowski, K.; Ostaszewski, R. Enzymatic Synthesis of a Novel Coumarin Aminophosphonates: Antibacterial Effects and Oxidative Stress Modulation on Selected E. coli Strains. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2023, 24, 7609. https://doi.org/10.3390/ ijms24087609
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