Multidimensional analysis of development of transport infrastructure and freight transport in the new EU member states

Abstract
The main purpose of this article is to establish and describe the development of transport infrastructure and freight transport in the new EU Member States making use of three multidimensional comparative analysis methods. Taking into account that transport is one of the most crucial factors contributing to economic development, it should be assumed that knowledge about diversity of transport system development in particular countries can become a starting point for economic optimization and therefore can be applicable while taking important strategic decisions. The outcomes of the research conducted by three independent methods such as development model of Z. Hellwig, standardized sums and ranks allow to arrive at the following conclusions. The best developed transport infrastructure can be observed in Slovenia, whereas transport of goods is relatively the highest in Estonia. The calculations which have been done also indicate that the proportion between the amount of freight transport and development of transport infrastructure is well-balanced in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Lithuania whereas in other states like Croatia (divergence in plus) and Latvia (divergence in minus) is unbalanced. Moreover, the results of the analysis allow to draw a conclusion that development of transport infrastructure depends mostly on the length of motorways, whereas disproportions with regard to goods transport are determined, above all, by size of rail freight and air freight.
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