U-cieleśnienia świętości. Uwagi o estetyce ciała w kulturach cygańskich

Abstract
Every human being needs senses, located within their bodies, to see their surroundings, themselves and their very bodies. They use body aesthetics to design the image of their bodies and orient their actions around that formula. The article presents the way Roma people/Gypsies perceive their bodies. The author takes the readers to a Transylvanian village called Trăbeş, inhabited by various Roma/Gypsy groups Ţigani (‘Gypsies’), Ţigani de matăse (‘Silk Gypsies), Corturari (‘Tent Gypsies’) and the converted Pentecostal Gypsies, who use different body aesthetics which also helps them diversify from the Romanian majority. Using the categories called sociologie sacrée (an alternative theory of religion which seeks sacrum not in heaven or the Church but in socially-created areas) the author shows how various Roma/Gypsy groups use their bodies to em-body the sacrum, and by doing it, mark their social status, react to discrimination and reflect the inner structure of their group.

Sarkole manuśesqe kamlǒn pen xodìtka xaćarimàta, so thàvden lesqëre truposθär, kaj te śaj dikhel trujal pesθe, te dikhel pes xodes aj te dikhel pesqëro trùpo. Labǎrel trupìtko estetìka kaj te del avri i projèkcia pesqëre xoditkone trupesqëri thaj te del orientàcia pesqëre xoditkone kerimatenqëri pal-ada modèlo. Ada artìklo sikavel sar o Rroma dikhen penqëro trùpo. O avtòro liʒal e drabavnes dr-o gav Trăbeş Transilvaniaθe, kaj beśen ververa rromane grùpe (endaja): Ţigani de matăse („phanrune Rroma”), Korturàra („cerhenqëre Rroma”) aj vi pokarime Rroma, saven si len barbut javër trupìtko estètika, desar phurikane Rroma aj vi desar-e Rumuniaqëre gaʒe. Dr-e perspektìva e kategorienqëri katar-i sociologie sacrée (alternatìvo teorìa e religiaqëri, savi ròdel o sacrum na dr-o bodlipen ja dr-e Khangeri, tok dre malǎ socio-kultural konstruime), o avtòro sikavel sar ververa rromane endaja labǎren penqëro trùpo kaj te aresen ʒi k-e sacrum-esqëri in-karnàcia, te sikaven penqëri sociàlo pozìcia, te den reàkcia mamuj-i diskriminàcia aj te mothoven i andratuni struktùra penqëre endajenqëri.
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Citation
Johannes Ries, U-cieleśnienia świętości. Uwagi o estetyce ciała w kulturach cygańskich, "Studia Romologica", 2011, nr 4, s. 15-36.
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