OPEN Repository

Welcome to OPEN - the Repository of Open Scientific Publications, run by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw, previously operating as the CeON Repository. The Repository enables Polish researchers from all fields to openly share their articles, books, conference materials, reports, doctoral theses, and other scientific texts.

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22792 archived items

Recent Submissions

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Suitability of complexity economics for long-term agricultural policy-making
(Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - PIB, 2020) Wieliczko, Barbara; Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
The development of agricultural policy is becoming a more and more difficult task. The number of factors which should be taken into account continues to grow, while at the same time there is an increased diversification of agricultural needs as well as higher consumer and taxpayer expectations. In this situation, the approach to agricultural policy-making used so far does not function properly. The final shape of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in the new multi- annual financing frameworks of the European Union has not been fully established yet. The work has been prolonged for many reasons. The current European Commission pays much attention to environmental and climate challenges, proposing the implementation of the European Green Deal strategy. One of the key elements of this development concept is the “Farm to Fork” strategy, which indicates the directions of transformation of food systems in the EU. A question arises whether the proposed shape of the EU strategy for agriculture is optimal in terms of challenges faced by this sector. Complexity economics may be an answer to this question, as it offers an approach to policy-making based on the recognition of the complexity of socio-economic systems and their specific dynamics requiring a specific shape of actions taken by the state. The aim of the article is to present the complexity economics as an appropriate approach to agricultural policy-making in the context of many challenges faced by this sector and to indicate to what extent the current agricultural policy takes the indications of the complexity economics into account.
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Circular economy vs. sustainability of agribusiness
(Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - PIB, 2020) Soliwoda, Michał; Wieliczko, Barbara; Kulawik, Jacek; Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
The circular economy is becoming an increasingly discussed concept being an alternative to the current model of economy based on the unsustainable constant growth building on the unlimited use of resources. The objective of the study will be to outline the circular economy concept with the presentation of attempts to operationalise it from the point of view of the sustainability of agriculture and the whole food sector. We verified a research thesis that the circular economy is one of several concepts enriching and probably likely to replace the EU agricultural and food sector sustainability in the future. An eclectic approach has been applied, using the method of literature studies, documentation method and elements of heuristic methods. The paper is a review study. Formally, the CE is to constitute a superstructure for the CAP and sustainability practised within it, more and more schematic and fossilised. The basis for enhancing the sustainability, improving the efficiency and competitiveness of the EU agriculture and the whole food should be, in the first place, broadly understood innovation and creativity.
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Mechanisms and impulses influencing development of agriculture and rural areas (4)
(Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, 2018) Wieliczko, Barbara; Kurdyś-Kujawska, Agnieszka; Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy; Politechnika Koszalińska
The paper aims at assessment of the proposal for the shape of the CAP for 2021-2027 presented by the European Commission and analysis of regionalization of subsidies for the Polish agriculture. Chapters: Assessment of the proposed shape of the CAP 2021-2027. Regionalization of subsidizing agriculture in Poland.
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Assessment of the functioning of crop and livestock insurance in Polish agriculture
(Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, 2017) Gorzelak, Aleksander; Herda-Kopańska, Justyna; Kulawik, Jacek; Pawłowska-Tyszko, Joanna; Soliwoda, Michał; Wieliczko, Barbara; Pawłowska-Tyszko, Joanna; Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
The study reviews and assesses functioning of subsidized crop and livestock insurance as regards the level of their use and determination of factors motivating and demotivating to conclude insurance contracts by farmers. Chapters: Risk and traditional agricultural insurance – theoretical foundations. Subsidizing agricultural insurance. Evolution of national legal provisions regarding crop and livestock insurance in 1952-2016. Assessment of the functioning of crop and livestock insurance in Poland. Income and financial situation of farms using crop and livestock insurance. Determinants of the demand for crop insurance – model approach. Impact of the purchase of insurance on selected characteristics of family farms. Viability of the purchase of crop insurance by the farm’s operator. Determinants of the demand for crop insurance, factors motivating to purchase such insurance and factors discouraging from this – results of empirical studies
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Finansowe i fiskalne uwarunkowania poprawy efektywności, zrównoważenia i konkurencyjności polskiego rolnictwa
(Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, 2019) Konat, Grzegorz; Kulawik, Jacek; Płonka, Renata; Pawłowska-Tyszko, Joanna; Soliwoda, Michał; Wieliczko, Barbara; Kulawik, Jacek; Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
Celem pracy jest dokonanie syntezy oddziaływań instrumentów finansowo-fiskalnych na polskie gospodarstwa rolne i cały sektor rolny oraz wskazanie nowych obszarów badań w tym zakresie. Rozdziały: Finanse i ekonomika gospodarstw osób fizycznych. Kapitalizacja subsydiów w cenach ziemi i stawkach czynszów dzierżawnych. Wybrane najnowsze tendencje badań nad wpływem subsydiów na rolnictwo. Mechanizmy i impulsy fiskalne oddziałujące na rozwój wsi i rolnictwa, finansowanie zwrotne i quasi-rynkowe instrumenty internalizacji efektów zewnętrznych w rolnictwie oraz dostarczanie dóbr publicznych. Stabilizacja dochodów rolniczych – wybrane aspekty teoretyczne i praktyczne w kontekście wsparcia gospodarstw rolnych za pomocą instrumentów WPR. Odporność gospodarstw rolniczych na szoki – wybrane problemy. Ocena rozwiązań funkcjonujących w rolnictwie w zakresie podatków, parapodatków, ubezpieczeń społecznych i instrumentów zarządzania ryzykiem pod kątem stabilności finansowej oraz bezpieczeństwa socjalnego w rolnictwie i na wsi.