OPEN Repository

Welcome to OPEN - the Repository of Open Scientific Publications, run by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw, previously operating as the CeON Repository. The Repository enables Polish researchers from all fields to openly share their articles, books, conference materials, reports, doctoral theses, and other scientific texts.

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Processed Animal Protein as One of the Elements of the Policy for Reducing Gmos in the Feeding of Livestock
(Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, 2021-12-23) Dzwonkowski, Wiesław; Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
The aim of this article is to present various conditions and aspects of the use of processed animal protein (PAP) in the feeding of livestock in the perspective of lifting the 20-year ban on its use in feed and determining its role in the policy of reducing GMOs. The study analyzes the current legal status, as well as new conditions and requirements at each production stage, with the management of processed animal protein based on the relevant Polish and EU legal acts. It also determines the scale of production and directions of the current PAP management, as well as the price conditions of its potential use in feed production. In the analysis, in addition to the literature on the subject, the authors used mainly source data from the Chief Veterinary Inspectorate, Statistics Poland, and the Ministry of Finance. The analysis of organizational and production conditions led to the conclusion that the main problem may be to maintain the so-called species purity in the production of PAP and feed with its use, followed by cross-feeding (PAP from poultry in pig feed and PAP from pigs in poultry feed), and severe consequences in the event of detecting irregularities. Moreover, a limiting factor may be the high price in relation to other protein feeds and consumer expectations that the animal products offered for sale were produced without the use of animal feed. The role and importance of processed animal protein approved for feeding in the balance of high-protein feed raw materials is likely to be small, but every possibility of using domestic protein sources should be encouraged and exploited to reduce the use of imported GM feed and improve protein self-sufficiency. However, a larger scale of domestic use of this very valuable source of protein may require administrative action by introducing indicative targets for the substitution of imported GM feed with domestic protein sources.
Supply and Demand Situation and Prices on the Global and Polish Sugar Market
(Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, 2021-12-23) Chmielewski, Łukasz; Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
The aim of the paper is to present the global and Polish sugar balance and the price situation. Several issues have been given particular attention. Firstly, the relationship between the production of sugar and bioethanol in Brazil and world sugar prices. Secondly, the relationship between Brazilian sugar and bioethanol exports and world sugar prices. Thirdly, the relationship between sugar prices in Poland and the world ones when the market support mechanisms at the EU level are in force and after they expire. The study used data from Statistics Poland, USDA-FAS, FAOSTAT, OECD-FAO, to name a few, and was based on correlation and linear regression analysis, as well as the Herfindahl-Hirschman index. The data analysis showed a statistically significant correlation between the production and exports of sugar from Brazil, as well as between Brazilian exports and world sugar prices. The analysis also showed a greater correlation between food prices than sugar and oil price quotas. A much greater correlation was also observed between the selling and retail prices of sugar in Poland and the world sugar prices after the abolition of sugar production quotas and minimum prices for sugar beet in the EU, as compared to the period of application of the support mechanisms.
Other Gainful Activities Directly Related to the Agricultural Holding According to the Polish FADN
(Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, 2021-12-23) Cholewa, Izabela; Smolik, Adam; Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
Z biegiem lat obserwuje się zjawisko podejmowania przez rolników działalności gospodarczej innej niż rolnicza bezpośrednio związanej z gospodarstwem rolnym (OGA), co wpływa na osiągane przez nich wyniki ekonomiczne. Celem pracy jest ukazanie znaczenia i specyfiki OGA w polskich gospodarstwach rolnych. Działalność gospodarczą zilustrowano na podstawie danych z indywidualnych gospodarstw rolnych Polskiego FADN z 2019 roku (1086 jednostek). W analizie zastosowano grupowanie gospodarstw według typów rolniczych, klas wielkości ekonomicznej i regionów FADN. Zdecydowana większość gospodarstw prowadzących OGA to gospodarstwa z przewagą produkcji rolniczej. Wśród gospodarstw z OGA najwięcej jest małych obszarowo, słabszych ekonomicznie oraz specjalizujących się w uprawach polowych. Wartość produkcji z OGA wynosiła w badanej grupie gospodarstw średnio 12 295 zł na gospodarstwo. Najczęściej prowadzonym rodzajem działalności OGA są usługi wykonywane sprzętem gospodarstwa oraz przetwórstwo produktów rolniczych. Zaprezentowane w pracy wyniki badań wskazują, że OGA jest zjawiskiem, które może zyskiwać na znaczeniu i w istotny sposób wpływać na dochody rolników.
"Farm To Fork" Strategy and its Implications for the Development of the Beef Production Sector in Poland
(Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, 2021-12-23) Krzyżanowski, Julian; Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
The article deals with the “Farm to Fork” Strategy, which is the European Union document significant for the future of the Common Agricultural Policy and the effects of its implementation for the beef sector in Poland, as well as an important element of agri-food exports. The analysis uses a “desk research” study to consider the EU legal acts and strategic documents (including CAP Strategic Plan), as well as documents of Eurostat, international organizations (FAO, OECD), and industry organizations. The analysis was performed using an expert method. The study was limited to four groups of issues: greenhouse gas emissions, eco-schemes, antibiotics, and animal welfare. It was concluded that the actions specified in the strategy aimed at considering external costs of food production (particularly health and environmental) would inevitably result in an increase in its prices, because, according to the analyses, the costs even exceed the market value of food. So far, they have been covered by taxpayers, consumers, and other entities. In this situation, according to the Commission, it seems justified to gradually abandon the cheap food policy, which is justified in poorer countries.
The Agrarian Issue – The Immortalem Issue? Side Notes To The Monograph By Anna Matuszczak: Ewolucja Kwestii Agrarnej a Środowiskowe Dobra Publiczne (Evolution Of The Agrarian Issue And Environmental Public Goods)
(Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, 2021-09-23) Kowalczyk, Stanisław; Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy