OPEN Repository

Welcome to OPEN - the Repository of Open Scientific Publications, run by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw, previously operating as the CeON Repository. The Repository enables Polish researchers from all fields to openly share their articles, books, conference materials, reports, doctoral theses, and other scientific texts.

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22792 archived items

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Item
Coping with stress and the sense of quality of life in inmates of correctional facilities
(Polskie Towarzystwo Psychiatryczne, 2018) Skowroński, Bartłomiej; Talik, Elżbieta; Uniwersytet Warszawski; Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
Aim. The aim of the study was to examine the differences between groups of prison in-mates distinguished according to the sense of quality of life in terms of their ways of coping with stress.Methods. In order to verify the research hypotheses, the following instruments were used: (1) The sense of quality of life Questionnaire (SQLQ) by M. Straś-Romanowska (2007) and (2) the COPE Inventory by Carver, Scheier and Weintraub (1989).Results. The results of the presented research have confirmed that the ways of coping with stress used by prison inmates are related to the sense of quality of life. This conclusion applies not only to overall sense of quality of life but also to all of its dimensions: psychophysical, psychosocial, personal, and metaphysical one. According to the assumed hypothesis, people with a high level of overall quality of life significantly more often than people with a low level of quality of life prefer active coping strategies, including strategies such as: Active coping, Planning, Searching for instrumental support, Searching for emotional support, Positive revaluation and development. A similar conclusion with minor modifications also applies to other dimensions of quality of life. Conclusions. Thus, the use of constructive ways of coping with stress – based on seeking support, personal activity in coping with problems and drawing conclusions from wrong life decisions – is related to higher level of quality of life.
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Quality of life and its correlates in people serving prison sentences in penitentiary institutions
(MDPI, 2021) Skowroński, Bartłomiej; Talik, Elżbieta; Uniwersytet Warszawski; Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
Background: The aim of the study was to analyze the determinants of prison inmates’ quality of life (QoL). Methods: 390 men imprisoned in penitentiary institutions were assessed. Data were collected by means of the Sense of Quality of Life Questionnaire (SQLQ), general self-efficacy scale (GSES), resilience assessment scale (RAS-25), social support scale (SSS), intensity of religious attitude scale (IRA), SPI/TPI, and COPE Inventory, measures that have high validity and reliability.All models were specified in a path analysis using M plus version 8.2. Results: The positive correlates of QoL are: self-efficacy, social support, intensity of religious attitude, trait and state depression,resilience, and the following coping strategies, which are at the same time mediators between the variables mentioned above and QoL: behavioral disengagement, turning to religion, planning, and seeking social support for instrumental reasons. Conclusions: In penitentiary practice, attention should be devoted to depressive individuals, and support should be provided to them in the first place because depressiveness is the strongest negative correlate of important aspects of prisoners’ QoL. All the remaining significant factors, namely: self-efficacy, social support, intensity of religious attitude, and the following coping strategies: turning to religion, planning, and seeking social support for instrumental reasons, should be taken into account in rehabilitation programs.
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The sense of quality of life and religious strategies of coping with stress in prison inmates
(Springer, 2018) Talik, Elżbieta; Skowroński, Bartłomiej; Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II; Uniwersytet Warszawski
The aim of the presented research was to analyze differences in religious strategies of coping with stress in a group of prison inmates characterized by different levels of the sense of quality of life - general, psychophysical, psychosocial, personal, and metaphysical. The participants were 390 males, aged 19–68 years, serving sentences in prisons in Poland. The measures used were the Sense of Quality of Life Questionnaire by M. Stras ́-Romanowska and K. I. Pargament’s RCOPE Questionnaire. As expected, individuals with a high sense of quality of life — both general and pertaining to specific dimensions—more often chose positive religious strategies, whereas participants with a low sense of quality of life more often chose negative strategies. The exception was the metaphysical aspect of the quality of life: individuals with a high intensity of this dimension more often chose some of the positive as well as negative religious strategies.
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Resilience and quality of life among people serving prison sentences in penitentiary institutions: The mediating role of social support
(eSciPub LLC, 2020) Skowroński, Bartłomiej; Talik, Elżbieta; Uniwersytet Warszawski; Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
The aim of this study was to explore the associations between resilience and quality of life and the possible mediating influence of social support. As dependent variables, we tested QoL global score and its specific components: psychosocial, psychophysical, subjective, and metaphysical. In addition, we tested global social support and its aspects — psychosocial, psychophysical, subjective, and metaphysical — as mediators. The models we constructed are acceptable and each of the predictors is significant. The study confirmed the mediating effect of social support on QoL in prisoners.
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Radzenie sobie ze stresem a jakość życia osób osadzonych w placówkach penitencjarnych
(Polskie Towarzystwo Psychiatryczne, 2018) Skowroński, Bartłomiej; Talik, Elżbieta; Uniwersytet Warszawski; Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
Aim. The aim of the study was to examine the differences between groups of prison inmates distinguished according to the sense of quality of life in terms of their ways of coping with stress. Methods. In order to verify the research hypotheses, the following instruments were used: (1) The sense of quality of life Questionnaire (SQLQ) by M. Straś-Romanowska (2007) and (2) the COPE Inventory by Carver, Scheier and Weintraub (1989). Results. The results of the presented research have confirmed that the ways of coping with stress used by prison inmates are related to the sense of quality of life. This conclusion applies not only to overall sense of quality of life but also to all of its dimensions: psychophysical, psychosocial, personal, and metaphysical one. According to the assumed hypothesis, people with a high level of overall quality of life significantly more often than people with a low level of quality of life prefer active coping strategies, including strategies such as: Active coping, Planning, Searching for instrumental support, Searching for emotional support, Positive revaluation and development. A similar conclusion with minor modifications also applies to other dimensions of quality of life. Conclusions. Thus, the use of constructive ways of coping with stress – based on seeking support, personal activity in coping with problems and drawing conclusions from wrong life decisions – is related to higher level of quality of life.