OPEN Repository

Welcome to OPEN - the Repository of Open Scientific Publications, run by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw, previously operating as the CeON Repository. The Repository enables Polish researchers from all fields to openly share their articles, books, conference materials, reports, doctoral theses, and other scientific texts.

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22792 archived items

Recent Submissions

Citizen Science and Social Innovation: Mutual Relations, Barriers, Needs, and Development Factors
(Frontiers Media, 2022) Klimczuk, Andrzej; Butkeviciene, Egle; Kerla, Minela; SGH Warsaw School of Economics, Poland; Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania; Association of Online Educators, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Social innovations are usually understood as new ideas, initiatives, or solutions that make it possible to meet the challenges of societies in fields such as social security, education, employment, culture, health, environment, housing, and economic development. On the one hand, many citizen science activities serve to achieve scientific as well as social and educational goals. Thus, these actions are opening an arena for introducing social innovations. On the other hand, some social innovations are further developed, adapted, or altered after the involvement of scientist-supervised citizens (laypeople or volunteers) in research and with the use of the citizen science tools and methods such as action research, crowdsourcing, and community-based participatory research. Such approaches are increasingly recognized as crucial for gathering data, addressing community needs, and creating engagement and cooperation between citizens and professional scientists. However, there are also various barriers to both citizen science and social innovation. For example, management, quality and protection of data, funding difficulties, non-recognition of citizens' contributions, and limited inclusion of innovative research approaches in public policies. In this volume, we open theoretical as well as empirically-based discussion, including examples, practices, and case studies of at least three types of relations between citizen science and social innovation: (1) domination of the citizen science features over social innovation aspects; (2) domination of the social innovation features over the citizen science aspects; and (3) the ways to achieve balance and integration between the social innovation and citizen science features. Each of these relationships highlights factors that influence the development of the main scales of sustainability of innovations in the practice. These innovations are contributing to a new paradigm of learning and sharing knowledge as well as interactions and socio-psychological development of participants. Also, there are factors that influence the development of platforms, ecosystems, and sustainability of innovations such as broad use of the information and communications technologies (ICTs) including robotics and automation; emerging healthcare and health promotion models; advancements in the development and governance of smart, green, inclusive and age-friendly cities and communities; new online learning centers; agri-food, cohousing or mobility platforms; and engagement of citizens into co-creation or co-production of services delivered by public, private, non-governmental (NGOs) organizations as well as non-formal entities.
The State and Critical Assessment of the Sharing Economy in Europe
(Palgrave Macmillan, 2022) Česnuityte, Vida; Simonovits, Bori; Klimczuk, Andrzej; Balázs, Bálint; Miguel, Cristina; Avram, Gabriela; Mykolas Romeris University, Vilnius, Lithuania; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary; SGH Warsaw School of Economics, Poland; Environmental Social Science Research Group, Budapest, Hungary; University of Gothenburg, Sweden; University of Limerick, Ireland
The chapter is the final one in the volume of collected papers aiming to discuss the sharing economy in Europe. The idea of the book emerged within the research network created by the COST Action CA16121 ‘From Sharing to Caring: Examining Socio-Technical Aspects of the Collaborative Economy.’ The authors of the chapter sum up theoretical and empirical materials as well as country-specific cases provided in the book. The article critically assesses the current status of the sharing economy in European countries by highlighting major controversial issues related to deregulation, market disruption, or social inequality. The authors conclude that, considering the comprehensive and up-to-date materials collected and analysed in the book, it may become an outstanding source of knowledge and a practical tool in the process of expansion of the sharing economy in Europe and beyond.
The Context of Public Policy on the Sharing Economy
(Palgrave Macmillan, 2022) Koczetkow, Błażej; Klimczuk, Andrzej; SGH Warsaw School of Economics, Poland
The purpose of this chapter is to analyse approaches to the sharing economy from the perspective of public policy science. In the first part of the text, attention is paid to perceiving the development of the emerging sharing economy not only as phenomenon with positive economic effects but also as a set of public problems (e.g., on the labour market and for existing economic structures) that require intervention at the level of national governments as well as at international level. Subsequent sections identify possible actions for regulating the development of the sharing economy. The role of soft law, stakeholders’ networks, self-regulation and standardisation are discussed in the chapter. The summary includes potential directions for further research.
The Sharing Economy in Europe: From Idea to Reality
(Palgrave Macmillan, 2022) Miguel, Cristina; Avram, Gabriela; Klimczuk, Andrzej; Simonovits, Bori; Balázs, Bálint; Česnuityte, Vida; Department of Applied IT, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; University of Limerick, Ireland; SGH Warsaw School of Economics, Poland; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary; Environmental Social Science Research Group, Budapest, Hungary; Mykolas Romeris University, Vilnius, Lithuania
This chapter explains the rationale behind the book. It provides basic definitions of the concept of the sharing economy as well as the primary meanings related to the subject of the analysis undertaken in the subsequent chapters. This Introduction also includes a description of the main benefits of the analysis of the sharing economy from a European perspective. It highlights that the idea of the book emerged from the collaboration of most co-authors in the COST Action CA16121 ‘From Sharing to Caring: Examining Socio-Technical Aspects of the Collaborative Economy.’ Finally, the outline of the book is presented, providing a description of the content of each chapter within this academic collection.
State of the art on ethical, legal, and social issues linked to audio- and video-based AAL solutions
(University of Alicante, 2021) Ake-Kob, Alin; Blazeviciene, Aurelija; Colonna, Liane; Cartolovni, Anto; Dantas, Carina; Fedosov, Anton; Florez-Revuelta, Francisco; Fosch-Villaronga, Eduard; He, Zhicheng; Klimczuk, Andrzej; Kuźmicz, Maksymilian; Lukacs, Adrienn; Lutz, Christoph; Mekovec, Renata; Miguel, Cristina; Mordini, Emilio; Pajalic, Zada; Pierscionek, Barbara Krystyna; Jose Santofimia Romero, Maria; AliSalah, Albert; Sobecki, Andrzej; Solanas, Agusti; Tamo-Larrieux, Aurelia; Nord University, Norway; Lithuanian University of Health Sciences; Swedish Law and Informatics Research Institute, Stockholm University, Sweden; Digital healthcare ethics laboratory (Digit-HeaL), Catholic University of Croatia; SHINE 2Europe; University of Zurich, Switzerland; University of Alicante, Spain; eLaw Center for Law and Digital Technologies, Leiden University, The Netherlands; SGH Warsaw School of Economics, Poland; University of Szeged, Hungary; Nordic Centre for Internet and Society, BI Norwegian Business School, Norway; Faculty of organization and informatics, University of Zagreb, Croatia; Department of Applied Information Technology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden; NORIA, France; Faculty of Health Studies, VID Specialized University, Oslo, Norway; Faculty of Health, Education, Medicine and Social Care, Anglia Ruskin University, Chelmsford, United Kingdom; University of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain; Utrecht University, The Netherlands; Boğaziçi University, Turkey; Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland; Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Spain; University of St. Gallen, Switzerland
Ambient assisted living (AAL) technologies are increasingly presented and sold as essential smart additions to daily life and home environments that will radically transform the healthcare and wellness markets of the future. An ethical approach and a thorough understanding of all ethics in surveillance/monitoring architectures are therefore pressing. AAL poses many ethical challenges raising questions that will affect immediate acceptance and long-term usage. Furthermore, ethical issues emerge from social inequalities and their potential exacerbation by AAL, accentuating the existing access gap between high-income countries (HIC) and low and middle-income countries (LMIC). Legal aspects mainly refer to the adherence to existing legal frameworks and cover issues related to product safety, data protection, cybersecurity, intellectual property, and access to data by public, private, and government bodies. Successful privacy-friendly AAL applications are needed, as the pressure to bring Internet of Things (IoT) devices and ones equipped with artificial intelligence (AI) quickly to market cannot overlook the fact that the environments in which AAL will operate are mostly private (e.g., the home). The social issues focus on the impact of AAL technologies before and after their adoption. Future AAL technologies need to consider all aspects of equality such as gender, race, age and social disadvantages and avoid increasing loneliness and isolation among, e.g. older and frail people. Finally, the current power asymmetries between the target and general populations should not be underestimated nor should the discrepant needs and motivations of the target group and those developing and deploying AAL systems. Whilst AAL technologies provide promising solutions for the health and social care challenges, they are not exempt from ethical, legal and social issues (ELSI). A set of ELSI guidelines is needed to integrate these factors at the research and development stage.