OPEN Repository

Welcome to OPEN - the Repository of Open Scientific Publications, run by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw, previously operating as the CeON Repository. The Repository enables Polish researchers from all fields to openly share their articles, books, conference materials, reports, doctoral theses, and other scientific texts.

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22792 archived items

Recent Submissions

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Developing the Silver Economy and Related Government Resources for Seniors: A Position Paper
(Global Network of Associations & Networks: Retirees Developing Silver Economy, 2022) Agosti, Maristella; Allan, Moira; Bene, Ágnes; Braun, Kathryn L.; Campanella, Luigi; Chałas, Marek; Wing, Cheah Tuck; Čišić, Dragan; Christodoulou, George; de Sousa Costa, Elísio Manuel; Čok, Lucija; Dorniž, Jožica; Erceg, Aleksandar; Farnicka, Marzanna; Grabowska, Anna; Gričar, Jože; Guillemard, Anne-Marie; Hermans, An; Hirsh Spence, Helen; Hively, Jan; Irving, Paul; Ivan, Loredana; Ješe, Miha; Kabelenga, Isaac; Klimczuk, Andrzej; Kolar Macur, Jasna; Kruytbosch, Annigje; Luin, Dušan; Mayr, Heinrich C.; Mhaka-Mutepfa, Magen; Niedźwiedziński, Marian; Ocskay, Gyula; O'Kelly, Christine; Papalexandri, Nancy; Pirdeni, Ermira; Radinja, Tine; Rebolj, Anja; Sadlek, Gregory M.; Saner, Raymond; Saner-Yiu, Lichia; Schrefler, Bernhard; Sepúlveda, Ana Joao; Stellin, Giuseppe; Šoltés, Dušan; Šostar, Adolf; Timmers, Paul; Tomšič, Bojan; Trajkovski, Ljubomir; Urbaniak, Bogusława; Wintlev-Jensen, Peter; Wood-Gaiger, Valerie; Vaupot, Marjeta; Vogel, Doug; Global Network of Associations & Networks: Retirees Developing Silver Economy
The precarious rights of senior citizens, especially those who are highly educated and who are expected to counsel and guide the younger generations, has stimulated the creation internationally of advocacy associations and opinion leader groups. The strength of these groups, however, varies from country to country. In some countries, they are supported and are the focus of intense interest; in others, they are practically ignored. For this is reason we believe that the creation of a network of all these associations is essential. The proposed network would act as a support for the already-existing policies of the United Nations' High Commission for Human Rights, of independent experts, and of the Global Alliance for the Rights of Older People. All three have long ago recommended the creation of a recognized instrument for uniting presently scattered efforts. The proposed network, therefore, will seek to promote the international exchange of relevant expertise, and it will reinforce the commitments and actions that single countries are currently taking to meet these objectives. For example, informative public events can be organised to promote particular support initiatives and to provide an opportunity for new members of the network to be presented. The network will promote health for senior citizens, disease prevention, senior mobility, safe free time for seniors, alimentary education, protection against new risks and dangers, as well as equity in the services necessary for seniors to adopt new information and communication technologies. In the case of retired academic members, the network will promote equality with respect to continuing use of digital technologies (particularly email), continuing access to research libraries, and the guaranteed ability for seniors to fund their own research programs and to deliver free seminars.
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Position paper on ethical, legal and social challenges linked to audio- and video-based AAL solutions
(University of Alicante, 2022) Ake-Kob, Alin; Aleksic, Slavisa; Alexin, Zoltán; Blaževičiene, Aurelija; Čartolovni, Anto; Colonna, Liane; Dantas, Carina; Fedosov, Anton; Fosch-Villaronga, Eduard; Florez-Revuelta, Francisco; He, Zhicheng; Jevremović, Aleksandar; Klimczuk, Andrzej; Kuźmicz, Maksymilian; Lambrinos, Lambros; Lutz, Christoph; Malešević, Anamaria; Mekovec, Renata; Miguel, Cristina; Mujirishvili, Tamar; Pajalic, Zada; Perez Vega, Rodrigo; Pierscionek, Barbara; Ravi, Siddharth; Sarf, Pika; Solanas, Agusti; Tamo-Larrieux, Aurelia
In this position paper, we have used Alan Cooper's persona technique to illustrate the utility of audio- and video-based AAL technologies. Therefore, two primary examples of potential audio- and video-based AAL users, Anna and Irakli, serve as reference points for describing salient ethical, legal and social challenges related to use of AAL. These challenges are presented on three levels: individual, societal, and regulatory. For each challenge, a set of policy recommendations is suggested.
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State of the Art of Audio- and Video-Based Solutions for AAL
(University of Alicante, 2022) Aleksic, Slavisa; Atanasov, Michael; Agius, Jean Calleja; Camilleri, Kenneth; Cartolovni, Anto; Climent-Perez, Pau; Colantonio, Sara; Cristina, Stefania; Despotovic, Vladimir; Ekenel, Hazim Kemal; Erakin, Ekrem; Florez-Revuelta, Francisco; Germanese, Danila; Grech, Nicole; Sigurđardóttir, Steinunn Gróa; Emirzeoglu, Murat; Iliev, Ivo; Jovanovic, Mladjan; Kampel, Martin; Kearns, William; Klimczuk, Andrzej; Lambrinos, Lambros; Lumetzberger, Jennifer; Mucha, Wiktor; Noiret, Sophie; Pajalic, Zada; Perez, Rodrigo Rodriguez; Petrova, Galidiya; Petrovica, Sintija; Pocta, Peter; Poli, Angelica; Pudane, Mara; Spinsante, Susanna; Salah, Albert Ali; Santofimia, Maria Jose; Islind, Anna Sigríđur; Stoicu-Tivadar, Lacramioara; Tellioglu, Hilda; Zgank, Andrej
It is a matter of fact that Europe is facing more and more crucial challenges regarding health and social care due to the demographic change and the current economic context. The recent COVID-19 pandemic has stressed this situation even further, thus highlighting the need for taking action. Active and Assisted Living (AAL) technologies come as a viable approach to help facing these challenges, thanks to the high potential they have in enabling remote care and support. Broadly speaking, AAL can be referred to as the use of innovative and advanced Information and Communication Technologies to create supportive, inclusive and empowering applications and environments that enable older, impaired or frail people to live independently and stay active longer in society. AAL capitalizes on the growing pervasiveness and effectiveness of sensing and computing facilities to supply the persons in need with smart assistance, by responding to their necessities of autonomy, independence, comfort, security and safety. The application scenarios addressed by AAL are complex, due to the inherent heterogeneity of the end-user population, their living arrangements, and their physical conditions or impairment. Despite aiming at diverse goals, AAL systems should share some common characteristics. They are designed to provide support in daily life in an invisible, unobtrusive and user-friendly manner. Moreover, they are conceived to be intelligent, to be able to learn and adapt to the requirements and requests of the assisted people, and to synchronise with their specific needs. Nevertheless, to ensure the uptake of AAL in society, potential users must be willing to use AAL applications and to integrate them in their daily environments and lives. In this respect, video- and audio-based AAL applications have several advantages, in terms of unobtrusiveness and information richness. Indeed, cameras and microphones are far less obtrusive with respect to the hindrance other wearable sensors may cause to one's activities. In addition, a single camera placed in a room can record most of the activities performed in the room, thus replacing many other non-visual sensors. Currently, video-based applications are effective in recognising and monitoring the activities, the movements, and the overall conditions of the assisted individuals as well as to assess their vital parameters (e.g., heart rate, respiratory rate). Similarly, audio sensors have the potential to become one of the most important modalities for interaction with AAL systems, as they can have a large range of sensing, do not require physical presence at a particular location and are physically intangible. Moreover, relevant information about individuals' activities and health status can derive from processing audio signals (e.g., speech recordings). Nevertheless, as the other side of the coin, cameras and microphones are often perceived as the most intrusive technologies from the viewpoint of the privacy of the monitored individuals. This is due to the richness of the information these technologies convey and the intimate setting where they may be deployed. Solutions able to ensure privacy preservation by context and by design, as well as to ensure high legal and ethical standards are in high demand. After the review of the current state of play and the discussion in GoodBrother, we may claim that the first solutions in this direction are starting to appear in the literature. A multidisciplinary debate among experts and stakeholders is paving the way towards AAL ensuring ergonomics, usability, acceptance and privacy preservation. The DIANA, PAAL, and VisuAAL projects are examples of this fresh approach. This report provides the reader with a review of the most recent advances in audio- and video-based monitoring technologies for AAL. It has been drafted as a collective effort of WG3 to supply an introduction to AAL, its evolution over time and its main functional and technological underpinnings. In this respect, the report contributes to the field with the outline of a new generation of ethical-aware AAL technologies and a proposal for a novel comprehensive taxonomy of AAL systems and applications. Moreover, the report allows non-technical readers to gather an overview of the main components of an AAL system and how these function and interact with the end-users. The report illustrates the state of the art of the most successful AAL applications and functions based on audio and video data, namely (i) lifelogging and self-monitoring, (ii) remote monitoring of vital signs, (iii) emotional state recognition, (iv) food intake monitoring, activity and behaviour recognition, (v) activity and personal assistance, (vi) gesture recognition, (vii) fall detection and prevention, (viii) mobility assessment and frailty recognition, and (ix) cognitive and motor rehabilitation. For these application scenarios, the report illustrates the state of play in terms of scientific advances, available products and research project. The open challenges are also highlighted. The report ends with an overview of the challenges, the hindrances and the opportunities posed by the uptake in real world settings of AAL technologies. In this respect, the report illustrates the current procedural and technological approaches to cope with acceptability, usability and trust in the AAL technology, by surveying strategies and approaches to co-design, to privacy preservation in video and audio data, to transparency and explainability in data processing, and to data transmission and communication. User acceptance and ethical considerations are also debated. Finally, the potentials coming from the silver economy are overviewed.
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The Silver Economy as a Constructive Response in Public Policy on Aging
(J.J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, 2021) Klimczuk, Andrzej; SGH Warsaw School of Economics, Poland
The paper presents the concept of the "silver economy" as an economic system related to population aging and underlines the features of this policy idea. The study first introduces the discourse and stages of constructing this system by international and national public policy actors in aging. Next, a critical analysis of the dimensions and areas of implementation and development of the silver economy as a policy concept was carried out as well as a review of its external and internal limitations. The conclusion contains proposals for further research directions.
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Wyzwania związane ze starzeniem się społeczeństw
(Obserwatorium Rodzinne, 2012) Klimczuk, Andrzej; Szkoła Główna Handlowa w Warszawie