OPEN Repository

Welcome to OPEN - the Repository of Open Scientific Publications, run by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw, previously operating as the CeON Repository. The Repository enables Polish researchers from all fields to openly share their articles, books, conference materials, reports, doctoral theses, and other scientific texts.

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22792 archived items

Recent Submissions

Barriers to Innovation Activities from the Perspective of Non- Innovative Enterprises in The European Union Countries
(International Business Information Management Association (IBIMA), 2020) Sobczak, Elżbieta; Głuszczuk, Dariusz; Wroclaw University of Economics and Business
The identification of barriers to innovation activities is of significant importance in the proper climate development for innovation. In the course of this process, it should be remembered that the perception of factors hampering or preventing the implementation of innovation activities depends on the characteristics of enterprises. The heterogeneity of perception is influenced by, e.g., enterprise size, the history of its operations, development strategy, the entrepreneur’s country of origin, the degree of innovation as well as the division into innovative and non-innovative entities. The latter should remain the subject of special interest, because the identified barriers determine their resignation from innovation activities. Therefore, the adopted research goals focused on identifying the key barriers to innovation activities among non-innovative enterprises in the European Union, the classification of countries regarding the similarities of factors determining the resignation from such activities and determining correlations between the indications to these factors and innovation activities in individual countries. This study was focused on verifying the hypothesis adopting that the perception of significant barriers to innovative activity by a wide range of non-innovative enterprises translates into the low intensity of innovative processes. The research results from the Community Innovation Survey (2016) and the European Innovation Scoreboard 2017 served as the information basis for the conducted analyses. The multi-dimensional statistical analysis methods, including data classification methods were used in the research.
Typology of the European Union Countries in Terms of Barriers Hampering Innovation Activities – the Perspective of Innovative Enterprises
(International Business Information Management Association (IBIMA), 2020) Sobczak, Elżbieta; Głuszczuk, Dariusz; Wroclaw University of Economics and Business
The enterprises undertaking innovation activities in the European Union countries operate in a diverse environment, not always friendly to innovation processes. They are influenced by a number of internal and external factors constituting barriers for the implementation of innovations. As a result of diverse conditions for the development of innovation in the EU countries, the individual barriers to innovation processes may be of different significance for enterprises. The first part of the study presents an overview of the subject literature output focused on the systematics of key factors hampering or preventing the activities aimed at the implementation of innovation (e.g. deterrent and disclosed barriers, internal and external and also economic, knowledge-related, market and institutional ones). The second part discusses the results of empirical research focused on verifying the adopted hypothesis – the key barriers to innovation activities of enterprises in the EU countries create cost factors and their disclosure, along with other barriers, results in the interruption of innovation processes in their implementation phase (high intensity of obstacles to innovation activities is manifested in low values of the aggregate innovation indicator). The European Innovation Scoreboard data and the research results covering innovative enterprises as part of the last edition of the Community Innovation Survey constituted the information basis of the conducted analyses. The research used multi-dimensional statistical analysis methods, with particular emphasis on the classification methods.
Typology of Polish Nuts2 Regions Regarding the Intensity of Enterprise Innovation Activity
(Melandrium, 2018) Sobczak, Elżbieta; Głuszczuk, Dariusz; Wroclaw University of Economics and Business
The article presents the classification of Polish NUTS 2 regions regarding the intensity of enterprise innovation activity. The research was carried out taking into account the scale of expenditure incurred by enterprises (input indicators) and the achieved results in the form of e.g., income earned for selling innovative products (output indicators). The classes comprising relatively homogenous Polish NUTS 2 regions were identified for the study. The analysis covering the composition and descriptive parameters was performed in relation to the obtained classes. Multidimensional statistical analysis was used for the research purposes, with particular emphasis on cluster analysis methods. The study covered 16 Polish NUTS 2 regions in the years 2008 and 2016. The statistical information, indispensable in identifying and quantifying enterprise innovation activity level in the cross-section of Polish NUTS 2 regions, was collected from the Local Data Bank (LDB), the largest Polish database about innovations. The objective of the study was to assess the diversity and transformations in Polish NUTS 2 regions’ classification regarding input and output indicators of enterprise innovation activity level in the years 2008 and 2016.
Typology of the EU Countries in Terms of Innovation in the Context of Sustainable Development Assessment
(Faculty of Social and Economic Studies Jan Evangelista Purkynĕ University in Usti nad Labem, 2018) Sobczak, Elżbieta; Głuszczuk, Dariusz; Wroclaw University of Economics and Business
The purpose of the study isseparating the relatively homogeneous classes of the EU countriesin terms of innovation in the context ofsustainable development. Sustainable development monitoring is based on a set of systematized indicators in the areas of social, economic, environmental and institutional-political order. Among the numerous observed processes and phenomena, the ones which combine the orders, contributing to coherent devel-opment (integrated order) are of particular importance. Innovation remains one ofsuch characteristics. Its meas-urement in the research on sustainable development is carried out using 6 indicators (share of net revenues on the sales of innovative products in net revenues on total sales, share of human resources in science and technolo-gy as percentage of economically active population, percentage change in labour productivity, expenditure on R&D against GDP, eco-innovation, the number of inventions filed by residents to the European Patent Office per 1 million population). The data collected within their framework (source - Eurostat) were adopted as the basis for the EU countries classification in terms of their capacity to develop and implement innovations. Multidimensional statistical analysis methods, with particular focus on aggregate measures of development, were applied in the assessment. The conducted research resulted in separating the relatively uniform classes of the EU countries in terms of innovation, including the identification of leaders in the analysed years
Identification of the importance of enterprises’ own funds in the processes of innovation activity funding at the level of Polish regions
(Melandrium, 2019) Sobczak, Elżbieta; Głuszczuk, Dariusz; Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny we Wrocławiu; Wroclaw University of Economics and Business
The funding sources of innovation activities carried out by enterprises are classified by identifying the following types of funds: own, public, originating from capital-related entities, received from other enterprises outside the financial sector, obtained from the financial sector entities, transferred from transnational and international organizations, as well as other funds not listed above [Oslo Manual 2005]. Among the aforementioned, potential sources covering the outlays on innovation processes, the enterprises’ own funds are of particular importance, as they not only constitute the basis for self-funding of this activity, but also determine the access to many external sources providing funding (e.g. bank loans, aid funds and other funding sources). The purpose of this article is to assess the diversity of Polish 16 regions in terms of the funding level of innovative processes carried out by enterprises from their own funds. The research also covers changes occurring in this respect in the years 2008-2017.