OPEN Repository

Welcome to OPEN - the Repository of Open Scientific Publications, run by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw, previously operating as the CeON Repository. The Repository enables Polish researchers from all fields to openly share their articles, books, conference materials, reports, doctoral theses, and other scientific texts.

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22792 archived items

Recent Submissions

Implementation of the No Poverty Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) in Visegrad Group (V4)
(MDPI, 2021) Sobczak, Elżbieta; Bartniczak, Bartosz; Raszkowski, Andrzej; Wroclaw University of Economics and Business; Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny we Wrocławiu
This presented study discusses problems related to the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goal 1: No Poverty, aimed at eliminating poverty, based on the example of the Visegrad Group (V4) countries. The introduction addresses the general characteristics of the V4 and attempts to define the concept of sustainable development, with particular emphasis on its complex nature and importance for future generations. The purpose of the research was to assess the diversity within the Visegrad Group countries in the years 2005–2018 in terms of poverty and sustainable development level in the No Poverty area and also to identify the impact of the socioeconomic development level in the studied countries on sustainable development in the No Poverty area. Taking into account the analysis of poverty indicators in the Visegrad Group countries, the best results were recorded for Czechia. The second part of the conducted analyzed allowed us to conclude that Czechia definitely presents the highest level of sustainable development, followed by Slovakia. The highest average dynamics of changes occur in Poland and Hungary, which result in the gradual elimination of the existing disproportions. Among other research results, it is worth highlighting that the V4 countries show significant, however, decreasing differences regarding the indicators describing poverty in relation to sustainable developmen
Delimitation procedure of degraded areas and the area targeted for revitalisation
(Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny we Wrocławiu, 2018) Raszkowski, Andrzej; Sobczak, Elżbieta; Wroclaw University of Economics and Business
The study discusses problems related to identifying degraded areas and the area targeted for revitalisation in relation to the local government units (cities, municipalities, regions). The core part of the study presents an example of the typology of factors and crisis phenomena in a social, economic, spatial-functional, environmental and technical perspective. The delimitation procedure, based on the application of indicators describing the concentration of phenomena in the system of municipal urban units was discussed. Next the area targeted for revitalisation was characterised as part of the identified degraded areas. This was followed by characterising the degraded areas based on the conducted survey studies. In both cases the delimitation procedure is covered by a civic control scheme. Within the framework of general conclusions it can be adopted that the described procedures or similar ones are most frequently applied in relation to Polish local government units
Aging Society and the Selected Aspects of Environmental Threats: Evidence from Poland
(MDPI, 2020) Sobczak, Elżbieta; Bartniczak, Bartosz; Raszkowski, Andrzej; Wroclaw University of Economics and Business
The article addresses problems of population aging in Poland and the selected environmental hazards exerting a negative impact on seniors’ health. The introduction presents the reasons underlying the above-mentioned aging process and provides the characteristics of the primary environmental threats. The next part covers the most important trends and indicators related to the demographic situation in the country. The core of the study is focused on presenting and interpreting the results of empirical research on the periodization of the population aging process in Poland, in the years 2004–2019, using the multidimensional statistical analysis method including, in particular, the data classification method. The key demographic factors differentiating the development phases of the population aging process include, in order of their significance: longer life expectancy of the population, narrowed gross reproduction rate, declining birth rate, and total migration balance. In addition, the article provides the analysis of the selected environmental threats’ impact on population aging in Poland, among which the following were indicated: high temperatures, solar conditions, heavy rainfall, strong winds, droughts, and fires. Moreover, the process of longer life expectancy in fine health is essentially related to two issues: the level of medical care, with particular attention paid to check-ups and preventive measures, and the promotion of a healthy lifestyle. In summary, it should be highlighted that the elimination of all pollutants or the reasons of environmental hazards is not possible; however, the actions primarily focused on reducing the emission of harmful gases into the atmosphere and other forms of environmental pollution should definitely be taken
Sustainability in the Baltic States: Towards the Implementation of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)
(Melandrium, 2019) Sobczak, Elżbieta; Raszkowski, Andrzej; Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny we Wrocławiu; Wroclaw University of Economics and Business
The main purpose of the study is to analyse and define the position of the Baltic States, i.e. Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia regarding the implementation level of the concept of sustainable development in 2010-2016, measured by the realisation of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). Moreover, the problems constituting barriers in achieving these goals were identified. The study was based on the indicators monitoring SDG in a global perspective. Eurostat and its Database was the source of data, taking into account their availability and completeness. The synthetic measure of development (SMD) was applied to assess the implementation of the sustainable development concept. The socio-economic situation of the Baltic States was addressed in the introduction. The core part of the study presents the research results showing the position of the Baltic States relative to the implementation level of SDG. The value of SMD in individual years was determined for each of the analysed countries. As a general conclusion, it can be stated that the situation of all countries showed improvement over the analysed period. Nonetheless, the current situation cannot be described as favourable in any of the countries, Estonia was the closest to achieving this status.