OPEN Repository

Welcome to OPEN - the Repository of Open Scientific Publications, run by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw, previously operating as the CeON Repository. The Repository enables Polish researchers from all fields to openly share their articles, books, conference materials, reports, doctoral theses, and other scientific texts.

Publications in the Repository are indexed by the most important search engines and aggregators and downloaded by users worldwide. We invite you to create an account, deposit your publications, and use the resources of the Repository.

22799 archived items

Recent Submissions

Item
Stabilność finansowa Unii Europejskiej: czy potrzebne są kolejne reformy?
(Biuro Analiz Sejmowych, 2021-10) Orłowski, Witold; Akademia Finansów i Biznesu Vistula
The article deals with reforms aimed at strengthening the financial stability of the eurozone and the EU. First, it refers to the “original sin” of the eurozone and the errors committed during its construction in the early 1990s. Then, the lessons from the double crisis of 2007–2009 and 2010–2012 are analysed, and the four main dilemmas that the EU faces in the area of institutional reforms are formulated. The overview of the implemented reforms and their proven impact on the macroeconomic imbalances leads to the conclusion that – although the above-mentioned double crisis combined with the global pandemic crisis have already mobilised the EU to introduce many important changes – the reform agenda is still not finished.
Item
Polityka pieniężna Europejskiego Banku Centralnego w odpowiedzi na kryzysy lat 2008–2020
(Biuro Analiz Sejmowych, 2021-10) Adamiec, Danuta; Biuro Analiz Sejmowych
The article explores the reaction of the European Central Bank (ECB) to two major economic crises that the EU had to face in the last two decades: the financial crisis which began in 2008 and the latest crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Although causes underlying both crises were ultimately different, the response of the ECB was based on the same unconventional monetary policy tools. The author analyses the similarities and differences between both of these crises, as well as the ECB’s reaction to them, drawing attention to a shift in the ECB’s monetary policy towards unconventional tools and consequences of such a shift for the position and future policy directions of the ECB.
Item
Dylematy i przesłanki związane z przyjęciem euro przez Polskę
(Biuro Analiz Sejmowych, 2019-11) Szpirnger, Zofia; Biuro Analiz Sejmowych
By joining the European Union (EU) on May 1, 2004, Poland was obliged to adopt the euro. However, no target date for this was specified. 15 years after accession the Polish membership in the EU is assessed positively from the financial point of view. Especially, positive appraisal is related to tremendous benefits obtained by Poland thanks to EU funds, regulations and standards. Despite these benefits, Poland is not taking decisive actions related to the adoption of the common currency. This can be explained by the complexity of the matter. This article aims at indicating and highlighting the problems associated with adoption of the euro by Poland. The author points to certain related dilemmas, as well as attempts to answer the question whether there are assumptions or instruments that could encourage Poland to prompt euro adoption. If so – what are they? If not – why and what can be done to make Poland take actions to join eurozone.
Item
Konkurencyjność polskiej gospodarki i jej perspektywy na tle strefy euro
(Biuro Analiz Sejmowych, 2019-11) Wyżnikiewicz, Bohdan; Instytut Prognoz i Analiz Gospodarczych
The aim of the paper is to present a forecast of the competitiveness of the Polish economy depending on whether or not Poland will adopt the euro. An assessment focuses on a comparative analysis of price and cost competitiveness and structural competitiveness of Poland and two groups of Central and East Europe countries: those which joined the euro‑zone and those which kept the national currencies. The author concludes that in both scenarios competitiveness of Polish economy will remain at the same level against the eurozone as it was in the period after 2010.
Item
Potencjalne ryzyka związane z przystąpieniem do strefy euro – doświadczenia państw Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej
(Biuro Analiz Sejmowych, 2019-11) Sawulski, Jakub; Szkoła Główna Handlowa w Warszawie
This article discusses experience of Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries which have adopted the euro. The emphasis is placed on three phenomena: an increase in inflation, a decline in competitiveness and a greater volatility of the economic growth. As the analysis shows, there was no effect of price increase due to currency conversion in all CEE countries, as well as neither loss of competitiveness nor decrease in foreign trade balance has been proved. However, CEE countries that adopted the euro experienced greater fluctuations of economic growth – both the minimum and maximum GDP growth rate was relatively high in comparison to CEE countries which kept their currencies.