OPEN Repository

Welcome to OPEN - the Repository of Open Scientific Publications, run by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw, previously operating as the CeON Repository. The Repository enables Polish researchers from all fields to openly share their articles, books, conference materials, reports, doctoral theses, and other scientific texts.

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22799 archived items

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Rola i znaczenie filmu w popularyzacji historii a kształtowanie społecznej świadomości historycznej
(Towarzystwo Doktorantów UJ, 2016) Piotrowska, Monika; Uniwersytet Jagielloński
One has to ask the question about the presentation of history on the screen and the self-consciousness of the viewers, as well as the significance of this audiovisual historical experience. How therefore historical representations popularize history, and how they affect social historical consciousness and collective memory? It is a very complex issue. In this paper, I would like to outline some thoughts on this issue, which is extremely topical and absorbs attention of film critics and historians. The reality, also historical, is constituted in the context of specific social regulations. A film as a historical account through its universality has undoubtedly a broader range of influence than historiographic works. That’s why film is being promoted to the rank of a metaphor as a function of historical source. Can film be or not be a historical source, and therefore a means of popularizing history? A visual image offers wide possibilities of popularizing history. It gives us a lot both as a cultural text and a historical testimony related to a specific social context, in which such a text was created. The narration in a film takes two faces: a chronicle narrative and a historical narrative. In fact, film is a kind of metaphor of historical reality, and at the same time a certain myth associated with the collective memory. Consequently, it can be considered a document or a source of anthropological knowledge. Cinema comprehensively affects the shaping of historical consciousness of the audience, and thus the social collective memory. A syndrome associated with perceiving a historical film is based on not being able to tell the difference between historical truth and its more or less fair film representation, which is always a certain imitation of the past. Films that somehow violate what is widely accepted and cause social controversies are often undesirable, being considered as destroyers of social historical consciousness order. Visualization of a particular historical situation by filmmakers is usually similar with the society’s image of the particular historical situation, characteristic of a given community. In this way, film can also become a tool for research on the audience’s mentality, because it acts as a medium for transfer or consolidation of a particular historical experience.
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Czas i historia w późnej poezji Kazimierza Wierzyńskiego
(Towarzystwo Doktorantów UJ, 2014) Cichy, Anna; Uniwersytet Jagielloński
Artykuł poświęcony jest kategorii czasu i historii w późnej twórczości Kazimierza Wierzyńskiego. Poeta, poruszając tę problematykę, tworzy nowy rodzaj tożsamości, tak zwaną tożsamość historyczną, zamkniętą w obszarze pamięci ludzkiej, na którą składają się kultura, rzeczywistość historyczna oraz czas jednostkowy, czyli historia indywidualna.
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„Europejskość nie zaprzecza polskości. Mamy do niej prawo”. Karol Szymanowski – artysta, polak, patriota
(Towarzystwo Doktorantów UJ, 2013) Makowska, Monika; Uniwersytet Jagielloński
Karol Szymanowski was a descendant of an eminent noble family whose members played many significant roles throughout Polish history and whose family hearth, the Tymoszówka manor in the now Ukraine, housed numerous memorabilia of the past (irreplaceably lost in 1918 as a result of the Bolshevik revolution). Brought up in patriotic atmosphere of post-Partition Poland, wiped out from the map of Europe, Szymanowski aimed to encourage development of Polish musical culture, first setting up the so-called Company of Young Polish Composers (together with fellow composers Ludomir Różycki, Grzegorz Fitelberg and Apolinary Szeluto under the patronage of Prince Władysław Lubomirski, a music lover and himself an amateur composer) and later accepting the post of Director of Warsaw Conservatory (having declined a counterpart offer from the Conservatory in Cairo). Although the wave of hostility from „conservative” Warsaw composers forced him to resign due to its devastating impact on his poor health, his influence on contemporary music remains undeniable.
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Indywidualistyczne ujęcie problematyki historiozoficznej w twórczości Thomasa Carlyle’a i Friedricha Nietzschego
(Towarzystwo Doktorantów UJ, 2011) Kutnik, Jan; Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie
In the following article I would like to present how Thomas Carlyle’s and Friedrich Nietzsche’s radically individualistic vision of a human being determined their historiosophic ideas. Both Carlyle and Nietzsche tried to describe certain characteristics of a free and non-conformist individual and a peculiar position they had held throughout the centuries. Carlyle divided people into ‘hero’ and ‘valet’ types. Nietzsche mentioned aristocratic individuals and slaves who were powerful only in a group. What both precursors of modernism unanimously discerned, was the unprecedented crisis of humanity and human culture. They claimed that only those who overcome the weaknesses of the self and exceed everything which is ‘poor’ in a human being, can maintain their dignity. Carlyle believed that going beyond what is ‘pettily’ human may be achieved by a spiritually uplifting heroism. Nietzsche, on the other hand, aimed to find the measures of rising ‘above’ by looking for the Übermensch who loves and prices his fate and strengthens their own will.
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O pożytkach z judaizmu dla filozofii współczesnej
(Towarzystwo Doktorantów UJ, 2011) Tacik, Przemysław; Uniwersytet Jagielloński
The paper expounds the significant role of various currents of the Judaic tradition as sources of inspiration for contemporary philosophy. Unfairly consigned to oblivion throughout the period of domination of Christianity, Judaism reemerged at the end of the nineteenth century as a field of fruitful stimulations for Western thought. Moreover, the evolution of the post-Kantian epistemology brought many thinkers, such as Nietzsche, to admit the exis-tence of the irreducible, unfathomable remnant forming a fundament of our cognition, which opened the door to new secular inspirations drawn from the heritage of religion. Judaism, less marked by Greek philosophy than the Christian legacy, began thus to appear as fitting better these tendencies. The prohibition of representation, the radical monotheism, bordering on the apophatic monism, the unyielding refusal of idolatry, made Judaism a privileged source of inspiration for philosophy striving to disavow its past metaphysical presuppositions. The paper presents main contributors to the renaissance of Judaism in philosophy: Hermann Cohen (who aimed to reconcile neo-Kantism with the universal morality of Judaism), Lev Shestov (opposing Jewish fideism, embodied in the figure of “Jerusalem”, to the Greek ideal of impersonal reason, symbolised by the figure of “Athens”), Franz Rosenzweig (re-working the Hegelian heritage with Jewish concepts of Creation, Revelation and Redemp-tion), Gershom Scholem (rediscovering the originality of Kabbalist thought), Walter Benja-min (bringing a new, Messianic dimension to the perception of history), Edmond Jabès (mer-ging the inspirations of Lurianic Kaballah with contemporary theories of language and sense) and Jacques Derrida (rethinking the legacy of Western thought using Jewish themes). Judaic tradition – with its hermeneutic approach, lack of strict dogmas, interpretative creativity – provides a unique set of thought patterns which seem to be especially valuable in our times, haunted by pluralism, intertextuality, and the fall of “Great Narratives”. As Sergio Quinzio suggested, Judaism can help us to rethink the world no longer structured by logos and deve-loping in a reasonable way.