OPEN Repository

Welcome to OPEN - the Repository of Open Scientific Publications, run by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw, previously operating as the CeON Repository. The Repository enables Polish researchers from all fields to openly share their articles, books, conference materials, reports, doctoral theses, and other scientific texts.

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22808 archived items

Recent Submissions

A difficult way from social passivity to participation: a case study of the Middle Odra River Valley Partnership, Poland
(OECD LEED Trento Centre for Local Development, 2005-09) Furmankiewicz, Marek; Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wrocławiu
Cross-sectoral cooperation for rural development in old and new EU member states: a comparative case study of English and Polish area-based partnerships
(Institute of Agricultural Economics, Bucharest, Romania, 2007) Furmankiewicz, Marek; Slee, Bill; Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences; Macaulay Institute, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
This paper comprises a comparative case study of rural partnerships in the United Kingdom and in Poland. The research is based on a questionnaire survey of representative key personnel (leaders) of partnerships and a background assessment of project and partnership documentation. The main differences and similarities of partnership features are described with conclusions as to possible implementation strategies for cross-sectoral cooperation for local development in rural areas in new European Union member states.
Enhancing Endogenous Development in Rural Areas: The Implementation of the Leader Pilot Programme in Poland
(Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies, 2008-05) Furmankiewicz, Marek; Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences
The paper examines the main problems encounted during the development of areabased partnerships in rural Poland. These partnerships were created to enhance endogenous development in rural areas in Poland and were supported by European Union funds. Partnership structures have been rapidly adopted due to the requirement to run the European Union LEADER type programme. Approximately 190 Local Action Groups were created in the years 2004-2006 through the Polish LEADER+ Pilot Programme. About 20 partnerships existed before the programme implementation with the result that 210 partnerships were registered by the end of 2006. 159 partnerships were supported in years 2007-2008 to support endogenous development. The projects were most commonly focused on improving quality of life and development of natural and cultural resources. Local governments and local voluntary organisations were most active in the local coalitions. The engagement of private sector was low. The main targets of activity were: promotion and tourist infrastructure development, rural areas restructuring, and local product promotion. Financial and legal issues and LEADER Pilot Programme special constrains were considered the main difficulties.
Przez demokrację do socjalizmu – projekt konstytucji autorstwa Mieczysława Niedziałkowskiego
(Akademia Humanistyczna im. Aleksandra Gieysztora, 2006) Jajecznik, Konrad; Uniwersytet Warszawski
The paper contains analyse of a draft constitution (1919) by Mieczysław Niedziałkowski, the leader of Polish social democracy (Polish Socialists Party) in the interwar period. As amatter of fact Niedziałkowski was a ghost author of the democratic electoral law of November 1918, the act established an universality and equality of voting rights (including women suffrage) in Poland, right after regaining independence. The analysed constitution draft was his second project announced in 1919. Contrary to the previous one (prepared namelessly, as a superior government servant), this one represented openly his ideological believes. His political strategy anticipated following stages of evolution: regaining independence, establishing democracy, and—resulted of both earlier ones—implementation of socialism. Therefore project consists of some ultrademocratic, however unliberal, political institutions. Instead a division of power the constitution design assuming a supremacy of parliament and widespread of direct democracy instruments (popular legislative initiative, referenda, citizens’ right to demand a dissolution of parliament). Contrary to official declarations of unicameral parliament the project postulated creation of a kind of employee senate (Izba Pracy, The Chamber of Employees).
Modernist Industrial Architecture and its Protection – the Port of Gdynia
(Gdynia City Hall, 2009) Orchowska-Smolińska, Anna; Jaśkiewicz-Sojak, Anita; Politechnika Gdańska
Situated in north-eastern Gdynia and covering an area of 500 hectares, the commercial port complex is one of most interesting and architecturally rich complexes of modern industrial development. It was designed and constructed in just a dozen years or so in the 1920s and 1930s. The quality of technological and aesthetic solutions of industrial architecture of the Gdynia port became a symbol of technological progress and economic capabilities of that time. The construction project tantamount to building the Polish “gateway to the world” was a national priority, and for its architects the space of the newly-created port was a natural testing ground for their artistic creativity, where they could introduce new aesthetic and architectural trends.