OPEN Repository

Welcome to OPEN - the Repository of Open Scientific Publications, run by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw, previously operating as the CeON Repository. The Repository enables Polish researchers from all fields to openly share their articles, books, conference materials, reports, doctoral theses, and other scientific texts.

Publications in the Repository are indexed by the most important search engines and aggregators and downloaded by users worldwide. We invite you to create an account, deposit your publications, and use the resources of the Repository.

22792 archived items

Recent Submissions

Item
Cultural and creative sectors in the COVID-19 pandemic crisis
(Biuro Analiz Sejmowych, 2022-03) Zygierewicz, Anna
Cultural and creative sectors were among the sectors most affected by the COVID-19 pandemic crisis. Imposed limitations and restrictions caused cancellation of events and activities, constraints on artists’ and creators’ mobility, and others. The European Union and its Member States provide guidelines for recovery of the sectors together with innovative solutions and financial support, they also promote digitalisation of the sector to allow it to reach audiences. The article presents the situation of the cultural and creative sectors affected by the crisis, and efforts, particularly at the level of the EU and the Member States, to support the recovery of the sectors.
Item
Stabilność systemu finansowego Unii Europejskiej
(Biuro Analiz Sejmowych, 2021-10) Mikita, Małgorzata; Szkoła Główna Handlowa w Warszawie
The aim of the article is to present activities undertaken at the EU level to ensure financial stability, and to assess the degree of stability of the EU financial system on the basis of selected indicators. The first part of the article introduces the concept of financial system stability and describes its importance in the modern economy and the methods of estimating the stability of the financial system. The second part of the article is devoted to the presentation of activities undertaken by the EU to increase the stability of the financial system, and the assessment of financial stability on the basis of two indicators: the Z-score indicator, used to assess the stability of the banking system, and the Stock Price Volatility index, showing the stability of the capital market.
Item
Wieloletnie ramy finansowe na lata 2021–2027 i plan na rzecz odbudowy Unii Europejskiej – uwarunkowania negocjacji, przełomowe decyzje i perspektywa zmian
(Biuro Analiz Sejmowych, 2021-10) Sapała, Magdalena; Biuro Analiz Parlamentu Europejskiego
The article reflects on the negotiations on the EU’s 2021–2027 Multiannual Financial Framework and the European Union Recovery Instrument. It gives an overview of exceptional circumstances surrounding the negotiations, broad scope of the legislative package negotiated, and complex decision-making process. The paper also examines the final agreement, in particular as regards the size of the new long-term budget, the shift in spending priorities, and changes in the way the EU actions are financed. The author concludes that despite many difficulties on the road to the agreement, some elements of the outcome can be characterised as groundbreaking. She gives some arguments that a departure from path dependency in financing of the EU is possible. However, whether or not the change is permanent, depends on the successful implementation of the decisions made. The Conference on the Future of Europe gives an opportunity to continue the debate on further reform of the EU finances.
Item
Samorządowe dochody podatkowe w wybranych państwach Unii Europejskiej
(Biuro Analiz Sejmowych, 2021-05) Korolewska, Monika; Biuro Analiz Sejmowych
The article looks at the issue of local taxation in 22 selected European countries, members of OECD, as well as the European Union member states. The author analyses the importance of local taxes for regional and local governments measured by the share of tax revenues received by these governments as a percentage of GDP and percentage of total tax revenues. She also presents the structure of local tax revenues. The study is based on the OECD revenue and taxes in Europe database.
Item
Wymiar czasu pracy nauczycieli w wybranych państwach Unii Europejskiej
(Biuro Analiz Sejmowych, 2009) Dziewulak, Dobromir; Uniwersytet Warszawski
This article attempts to give a comparative overview of working time of teachers in primary and secondary (lower and higher levels) education in Poland and selected EU member states. It provides an analysis of the working time of a teacher in the context of other comparative data, including the duration of a lesson unit, the duration of a school year and the number classroom learning hours per week for each level of education. the classification of educational levels applied by The International Standard Classification of Education is also described.