OPEN Repository

Welcome to OPEN - the Repository of Open Scientific Publications, run by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw, previously operating as the CeON Repository. The Repository enables Polish researchers from all fields to openly share their articles, books, conference materials, reports, doctoral theses, and other scientific texts.

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The role of the mother in Polish pedagogical thought 1795–1918
(EDUsfera. Ewa Jurczyk-Romanowska, 2022) Wnęk, Jan; Katedra Historii i Teorii Wychowania, Wydział Psychologii, Pedagogiki i Nauk Humanistycznych Krakowska Akademia im. Andrzeja Frycza Modrzewskiego, Kraków
Introduction. In the period 1795-1918, Polish pedagogical thought on the role of a mother in a family was developed. This issue was discussed in many publications of the Enlightenment Period, Romanticism, Positivism, and at the turn of the 20th century. Both remarkable educators of that period and less known authors would write about mothers. The majority of them indicated the essential need of mothers to participate in the process of upbringing and caring for children, teaching values such as love, and religiousness. Currently, pedagogical literature of the period of Partitions is an interesting source of information on Polish family in those difficult times, shaping ideals and aims of upbringing. It shows how authors’ views on motherhood were changed. When Poland gained independence, some educators referred to educational-upbringing concepts of the previous period, seeing them as a source of deep thoughts on the family. Aim. The aim of the article is to analyse the pedagogical sources from the 19th century regarding the role of the mother in raising children. Materials and methods. Method of document analysis. Results. The analysis of pedagogical literature shows that its authors assigned care and educational task to the mother.