OPEN Repository

Welcome to OPEN - the Repository of Open Scientific Publications, run by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw, previously operating as the CeON Repository. The Repository enables Polish researchers from all fields to openly share their articles, books, conference materials, reports, doctoral theses, and other scientific texts.

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22810 archived items

Recent Submissions

Item
Current family as a potential factor of risky behaviour among children and youth
(Zakład Historii Edukacji Instytutu Pedagogiki Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego, 2017) Hoferková, Stanislava; Faculty of Education, Department of Social Pathology and Sociology, University of Hradec Králové
The contribution presents the family as a potential factor of risky behaviour among children and juveniles in the Czech Republic. Youth conduct that violates social norms of the society can be labelled as deviant, risky, defective, etc. In recent years the concept of risky phenomena (or risky behaviour) has been introduced, particularly in school education; it replaced the previously used concept of socially pathological phenomena. Risky behaviour refers to those behaviours that have a negative impact on health, the social or psychological performance of an individual, or threaten his social surroundings. Such phenomena include, for example: truancy, crime and delinquency, various forms of aggression (bullying towards classmates and teachers), vandalism, self-aggression (self-harm, eating disorders), and abuse of addictive substances or dangerous phenomena related to information technology (e.g. cyber-bullying or addiction on the computer). Internal and external factors partake in the inception of deviant behaviour (signs of risky behaviour); introduced as multifactor etiology of the concept of social deviance. External factors are mostly perceived as fundamental; these are, for example: school, peers, the media, but especially the family. The post characterizes the contemporary family in the 21st century, which is defined by more features that can be perceived as risky in the forming of deviant behaviour. These include e.g. the demographic situation (low total fertility rate, increasing amount of cohabitation, high divorce rate, “missing” fathers), a deteriorating socio-economic situation (social exclusion, poverty), shifts in values (consumerism), or media coverage of human life.
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Family in the context of resocialization pedagogy
(Zakład Historii Edukacji Instytutu Pedagogiki Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego, 2017) Raszková, Tereza; Hoferková, Stanislava; Faculty of Education, Institute of Education and Social Studies, Palacky University in Olomouc; Faculty of Education, Department of Social Pathology and Sociology, University of Hradec Králové
The family as a socializing factor stands in the centre of interest of many disciplines, including social and re-social pedagogy. It is one of the most important external factors within the etiology of social deviance; dysfunctional family environment is usually one of the main causes of behavioural disorders. Inter-generational crime, abuse of addictive substances by family members, neglect and abuse, unemployment and social exclusion often appear in the anamnesis of delinquent individuals; educational problems occur in childhood. The family is also an important and often neglected factor in the re-socialization and re-integration of delinquent individuals. It plays a crucial role in the “remedy” and resocialization of individuals in all types of etopedical care facilities – in children's homes with schools, youth detention institutes, educational care centres or in prison (criminal measures), as well as in the treatment by a curator (social curator or curator for children and juveniles), or a probation and mediation officer (probation program, probation supervision). In detention facilities within the penitentiary practice contact with the family is a part of rehabilitation programs, so-called treatment programs. Support of the relationship with the family is also one of the fundamental rights of the convict. In the penitentiary process the family is one of the biggest motivating factors; it may be helpful in the implementing of treatment programs and it helps to maintain the good mental health of convicts. But the family may also represent a negative factor, e.g. in a case of the introduction of illegal goods into prisons or in the case of further negative and undesirable effects on the individual (e.g. inter-generational crime).