OPEN Repository

Welcome to OPEN - the Repository of Open Scientific Publications, run by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw, previously operating as the CeON Repository. The Repository enables Polish researchers from all fields to openly share their articles, books, conference materials, reports, doctoral theses, and other scientific texts.

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In the Circle of Power: Friends of King Vladislav IV Vasa
(Taylor&Francis, 2023-07-27) Ziober, Aleksandra; Uniwersytet Wrocławski
Any early modern ruler had to have devoted supporters. Most of them gathered around the king in order to obtain specific official and financial benefits, and sometimes they had similar political views to the monarch. However, this issue looked a bit different in relation to Vladislav IV Vasa, king of Poland and grand duke of Lithuania, who was considered by the nobility as a sympathetic and easy-going ruler (as opposed to his more secretive father, Sigismund III). Vladislav was a king who made friendships easily, and people close to him were very clearly at the centre of influence and thus political power. One of the main objectives of this article is to indicate when and how the magnates established private contacts with Vladislav as prince and how they developed once he became king. A separate issue discussed centres on categories related to the understanding of friendship as an element of privacy in the early modern period. Through an in-depth analysis of the letters and memoirs left by the elite of the Polish-Lithuanian state, case studies of private friendships emerge, including the King’s close relationships with Adam Kazanowski, Jan Stanislaw Sapieha, Gerard Denhoff, Aleksander Ludwik Radziwiłł, Krzysztof Radziwiłł and several others.
W jaki sposób słabiej rozwinięta gospodarka może dogonić liderów? Znaczenie zagregowanej produktywności
(Biuro Ekspertyz i Oceny Skutków Regulacji Kancelarii Sejmu, 2024-05-22) Orłowski, Witold; Akademia Finansów i Biznesu Vistula
There exist many examples of countries that have seriously reduced, over the past 150 years, the development gap vis-à-vis economic leaders. The decisive factor was the rapid increase of the total factor productivity (TFP), possible due to the technological progress. In the article, the author verified 6 important hypotheses underlying the Productivity Strategy 2030 published by the Polish government, on the basis of the experience of 96 countries around the world over the last 60 years. Most of these hypotheses were positively verified. However, when implementing the Strategy, one should remember that the increase in the aggregate productivity observed throughout the economy is only the combined effect of the increase in productivity occurring at the enterprise level. Therefore, the pursuit of more developed countries requires, first of all, the creation of appropriate conditions for the development of enterprises.
Związki między zaangażowaniem rodziny a innowacyjnością i wynikami polskich przedsiębiorstw rodzinnych
(Biuro Ekspertyz i Oceny Skutków Regulacji Kancelarii Sejmu, 2024-05-22) Kraśnicka, Teresa; Steinerowska-Streb, Izabella; Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Katowicach
The article presents the research results on the relationship between family involvement and innovation of family firms and their economic performance. The following criteria were used to measure family involvement: participation of family members in the company’s management, participation in ownership, presence of family members among the company’s employees, and the act of carrying out succession. Based on the analysis of the collected data from Polish family businesses, it was found that family involvement positively influences the company’s performance. However, the relationship between family involvement and firm innovativeness, measured by the number of implemented product innovations, was statistically insignificant. The study’s findings confirm the complexity of family businesses and the ambiguous nature of family influence on family business.
Ulgi podatkowe jako narzędzie wspierania konkurencyjności polskich przedsiębiorstw
(Biuro Ekspertyz i Oceny Skutków Regulacji Kancelarii Sejmu, 2024-05-22) Janiszewska, Magdalena; Janiszewski, Jan; Szkoła Główna Handlowa w Warszawie
The level of innovation and technological advancement is one of the internal determinants of a company’s competitiveness. It gave rise to legislative work aimed at supporting innovation and, therefore, strengthening the competitive position of Polish entrepreneurs in the international arena. One of the examples of such activities is the introduction of tax reliefs. The aim of the article is to identify interpretation doubts arising from the introduced legislative changes and thus to identify barriers to their application. Results of conducted studies have demonstrated that even though the introduced fiscal incentives should be assessed as a positive phenomenon, legal regulations can still be perceived in terms of barriers, not drivers of positive changes. As a research tool an analysis of subject matter literature, empirical data and positions presented in advanced tax ruling and judgments of administrative courts were used.
Wsparcie konkurencyjności przedsiębiorstw przemysłu spożywczego w Polsce. Ocena roli środków inwestycyjnych Programu Rozwoju Obszarów Wiejskich na lata 2014–2020
(Biuro Ekspertyz i Oceny Skutków Regulacji Kancelarii Sejmu, 2024-05-22) Kosior, Katarzyna; Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej – Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
The article examines the role of the Rural Development Programme (RDP) 2014–2020 investment funds in shaping the capabilities of the Polish agri-food processing industry to enhance its competitive advantages under new conditions dictated by the necessity of transitioning towards more sustainable production systems. The research is based on data from 783 agri-food processing enterprises that benefited from the 2014–2020 RDP support. The scope and directions of support offered during the previous programming period, public funding allocated to enterprises within individual sectors, strategies and investment priorities of the entities covered by the support, as well as the planned and achieved results across crucial areas have been scrutinised. The findings indicate that the RDP funds were effective in enhancing short-term competitiveness, primarily through modernising equipment and updating machine parks, which in turn expanded production potential. However, the role of these funds in facilitating the transition from traditional competitive strategies to more sustainable and innovative approaches was not as profound as required. Insufficient efforts were directed towards building a robust foundation to address growing climate, environmental, and socio-economic challenges, which is crucial for developing new competitive edges. Furthermore, in the group of enterprises studied, no material actions or investments were identified that would prepare companies for bolstering competitiveness through digital transformation. This suggests a pressing need for revisions in public support programmes designed for the agri-food sector enterprises in Poland.