Polskie studia wywiadowcze. Stan i perspektywy badań

Problematyka wywiadu i kontrwywiadu na dobre zadomowiła się na polskich uczelniach, zarówno jako przedmiot nauczania, jak i temat prac dyplomowych oraz rozpraw doktorskich. Powstają sprofilowane kierunki studiów i ścieżki specjalizacyjne, a służby coraz częściej goszczą w murach akademii, by informować, edukować i – przede wszystkim – prowadzić nabór. Choć środowisko badaczy tych zagadnień jest niewielkie, to może poszczycić się bogatym i zróżnicowanym dorobkiem. Artur Gruszczak, Arkadiusz Lewandowski i Arkadiusz Nyzio jako pierwsi podjęli się zadania przeprowadzenia jego intelektualnej inwentaryzacji poprzez analizę kierunków badań, identyfikację ich silnych i słabych stron oraz przedstawienie „ziem nieodkrytych”. Z pytaniem o stan i perspektywy polskich studiów wywiadowczych zwrócili się nie tylko do badaczy, ale i praktyków wywiadu. Autorzy twierdzą, że na wypracowaniu właściwych relacji pomiędzy światami służb i akademii powinno zależeć obu stronom. Czy są one jednak na to gotowe? I czy w ogóle posługują się tym samym językiem?

This book aims at conducting a comprehensive diagnosis and evaluation of the achieve-ments, challenges and prospects of Polish intelligence studies (IS). Against the back-ground of global intelligence studies, the popularity of this research field has been growing in Poland for two decades. However, research activities and their outcomes have been highly dispersed and unstructured, most often carried out by single re-searchers or small teams. The lack of a vehicle integrating the scattered research foci and entities in the IS area – in the form of a website, a flagship journal or a cyclical conference – furthers an identity crisis and organizational dispersion.We propose an in-depth systematization of how intelligence services and their activities are investigated in Poland. We carry out an intellectual inventory of this area, analysing key themes, threads and products. We consider Polish IS as a whole, looking at dominant research trends, identifying degrees of insights into specific aspects of IS, highlighting topics which have not yet been sufficiently investigated, and suggesting issues that deserve a detailed examination. We present the centres where Polish IS have been developing, treating them as equally important, with each of them having its own vital role to play, “spécialité de la maison” and achievements. Concurrently, we argue that a significant atomization of the IS epistemic community is one of its core weaknesses. The conclusions drawn from the research presented in this study are far from optimistic. However, they should not be treated as “sounding the alarm”; rather, this book is meant as a kind of “call to arms”. ResearchThe book consists of an introduction, six chapters and a conclusion. The first chapter is devoted to broadly understood Political Studies, i.e. covering not only the discipline of Political Science and Administration, but also Security Studies and International Relations. The second chapter covers the field of History, the next one – Law (and Legal Science), and the fourth chapter concerns Sociology and related fields. In chapters five and six, results of the research conducted among IS researchers and practitioners, i.e. intelligence officers, are presented and interpreted.We would also like to emphasize that we did not aim to exhibit all outputs and achievements of Polish IS. Although the number of IS researchers is not that large, the literature that has been produced contains hundreds of items. What we offer is a sub-jective review of the works which are interesting, thought-provoking, non-standard and representative for respective trends in the area of IS.We hope that the book will be welcomed not only as a source of knowledge on Polish IS, but also as an invitation to a discussion on directions for future research, goals and challenges faced by scientists, experts and practitioners interested in a suc-cessful development of this area.
Nyzio, A., Gruszczak, A., Lewandowski, A. (2024). Polskie studia wywiadowcze. Stan i perspektywy badań. Wydawnictwo Księgarnia Akademicka. https://doi.org/10.12797/9788383680491.
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