Bark beetles in the Tatra Mountains. International research 1998–2005 – an overview

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dc.contributor.authorGrodzki, Wojciech
dc.contributor.authorTurčáni, Marek
dc.contributor.authorJakuš, Rastislav
dc.contributor.authorHlásny, Tomáš
dc.contributor.authorRaši, Rastislav
dc.contributor.authorMcManus, Michael L.
dc.contributor.organizationCzech University of Life Sciencespl_PL
dc.contributor.organizationInstitute of Forest Ecology, Slovak Academy of Sciencespl_PL
dc.contributor.organizationNational Forest Centre, Forest Research Institute, Zvolen, Slovakiapl_PL
dc.contributor.organizationUSDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station, Hamden, USApl_PL
dc.description.abstractThis paper is a review of fundamental information on bark beetles and their interactions with several predisposing factors (air pollution, drought/temperature interactions, windthrows, management activities) that are thought to contribute to the outbreaks in the High Tatra Mountains. The findings of many research projects indicate that the impact of air pollution on bark beetle populations is indirect and complex and that the disturbances in the physiology and natural resistance of trees may be of crucial importance to bark beetle population dynamics. An active forest protection approach is needed to be applied to the secondary Norway spruce forests affected in the past by human activity. Bark beetle populations in natural and near-natural forests (mainly in the upper montane zone) are regulated by natural mechanisms; bark beetles are therefore a natural factor contributing to forest development, including the transition of future generations of spruce.pl_PL
dc.description.epersonPrzemysław Szmit
dc.publisherInstytut Badawczy Leśnictwa (Forest Research Institute), Komitet Nauk Leśnych PAN (The Committee on Forestry Sciences of the Polish Academy of Sciences)pl_PL
dc.rightsUznanie autorstwa-Na tych samych warunkach 3.0 Polska
dc.subjectTatra Mountainspl_PL
dc.subjectpopulation dynamicspl_PL
dc.subjectPicea abiespl_PL
dc.subjectdriving factorspl_PL
dc.subjectbark beetlespl_PL
dc.titleBark beetles in the Tatra Mountains. International research 1998–2005 – an overviewpl_PL
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