Study of biofouling on an offshore rig in the Baltic Sea

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dc.contributor.authorKur, Jarosław
dc.contributor.authorMioduchowska, Monika
dc.contributor.authorGalant, Grzegorz
dc.contributor.authorIgliński, Piotr
dc.contributor.organizationIndependent Researcher, Empty Spaces Research, Pruszcz Gdanski, Polanden
dc.contributor.organizationLotos Petrobaltic, Gdansk, Polanden
dc.contributor.organizationGdańsk University of Technology, Polanden
dc.contributor.organizationUniversity of Gdansk, Department of Marine Plankton Research, Gdynia, Polanden
dc.contributor.organizationUniversity of Gdansk, Department of Genetics and Biosystematics, Gdansk, Polanden
dc.date.accessioned2021-09-28T14:53:05Z
dc.date.available2021-09-28T14:53:05Z
dc.date.issued2021-09-05
dc.description.abstractBiofouling is called “lessons from nature”. For as long as we can remember, man has struggled with the problem of unwanted biofouling of immersed elements. In modern times, biofouling on artificial structures has become a transfer vector of invasive species. “Artificial islands” become a kind of “hitchhiker’s squats” that allow their further successful dispersion. Currently, governments and industry spend more than 5.7 billion USD annually to prevent and control unwanted marine biofouling. However, this problem has still not been efficiently resolved. The Baltic Sea is defined as a “time machine” for the future coastal ocean, as processes occurring in the Baltic Sea are related to future changes. Our study describes the biofouling community at 12 sites located at different depths on the legs of the “Baltic Beta” oil platform that resulted in finding a maximum of 1,300 individuals on 400 cm-2. We analyzed spatial distribution of dominant marine organisms living on a steel platform surface, their abundance and mass. Biofouling assemblages reached a thickness of about 50 mm at each sampling site as a result of the stratified fouling process. Inner layer was formed by Mytilus trossulus. Our work showed no significant difference in the benthic samples mass among different depths or cardinal directions of the rig columns. Finally, our research can help predict offshore biofouling on other devices in the Baltic Sea, control invasive species and estimate environmental load. Ecological and experimental research on existing offshore constructions may be an interesting alternative to studies conducted close to the mainland. The lesson we can learn from our “Baltic studies” is that the level of the Baltic anaerobic zone is really a “dead zone” even for invasive ubiquitous organisms below 50 m in this region.en
dc.description.abstractBiofouling is called “lessons from nature”. For as long as we can remember, man has struggled with the problem of unwanted biofouling of immersed elements. In modern times, biofouling on artificial structures has become a transfer vector of invasive species. “Artificial islands” become a kind of “hitchhiker’s squats” that allow their further successful dispersion. Currently, governments and industry spend more than 5.7 billion USD annually to prevent and control unwanted marine biofouling. However, this problem has still not been efficiently resolved. The Baltic Sea is defined as a “time machine” for the future coastal ocean, as processes occurring in the Baltic Sea are related to future changes. Our study describes the biofouling community at 12 sites located at different depths on the legs of the “Baltic Beta” oil platform that resulted in finding a maximum of 1,300 individuals on 400 cm-2. We analyzed spatial distribution of dominant marine organisms living on a steel platform surface, their abundance and mass. Biofouling assemblages reached a thickness of about 50 mm at each sampling site as a result of the stratified fouling process. Inner layer was formed by Mytilus trossulus. Our work showed no significant difference in the benthic samples mass among different depths or cardinal directions of the rig columns. Finally, our research can help predict offshore biofouling on other devices in the Baltic Sea, control invasive species and estimate environmental load. Ecological and experimental research on existing offshore constructions may be an interesting alternative to studies conducted close to the mainland. The lesson we can learn from our “Baltic studies” is that the level of the Baltic anaerobic zone is really a “dead zone” even for invasive ubiquitous organisms below 50 m in this region.en
dc.identifier.citationKur, J., Mioduchowska, M., Galant, G., Igliński, P. (2021). Study of biofouling on an offshore rig in the Baltic Sea. In: Karel Douda, Felipe Escobar-Calderón, Barbora Vodáková (Eds.), Euromal 2021. 9th European Congress of Malacological Societies 2021. PragueBook of Abstracts.en
dc.identifier.urihttps://depot.ceon.pl/handle/123456789/20411
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherCzech University of Life Sciences, Pragueen
dc.rightsUznanie autorstwa 3.0 Polska*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/pl/*
dc.subjectmarine growthen
dc.subjectbiomassen
dc.subjecthydrodynamic efficiencyen
dc.subjectalien speciesen
dc.titleStudy of biofouling on an offshore rig in the Baltic Seaen
dc.typeconferencePaperen
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